Complejo Cenagoso de Ayapel

Ciénaga de Ayapel
Ciénaga de Ayapel El Roble
Aves acuáticas Ciénaga de Ayapel
Aves en charca Ciénaga de Ayapel
Ciénaga de Ayapel
Pato yuyo Ciénaga de Ayapel

Complejo Cenagoso de Ayapel

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    54,376.8 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    08°19'N 75°03'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site features a range of ecosystems such as streams, rivers, swamps, wetlands and terrestrial biotopes. It boasts wide biological diversity with 148 species of mammals, which represent 2.7% of the world’s mammals. The Site hosts threatened species such as the brown-headed spider monkey (Ateles fusciceps), the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis), the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) and the critically endangered cotton-headed tamarin (Saguinus oedipus). In addition, 86 bird species have been recorded, with some of them considered endemic such as the blue-billed curassow (Crax Alberti) and the northern screamer (Chauna Chavaria), and others coming from North America, such as the little blue heron (Egretta calerua) and the laughing gull (Larus Atricilla). Also, 52 representative fish species support the livelihoods of many people who live inside and around the Site. Among the main threats to the Site are land use changes, forest felling, water pollution resulting from informal gold mining, and the use of pesticides in the agricultural areas of the wetland.

Administrative region: 
Departamento de Córdoba

  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents