Laguna de Manjavacas

Panorámica Norte-Sur de la laguna de Manjavacas
Punta sur de la laguna de Manjavacas
Juncal salino y comunidad de castañuela en la laguna de Manjavacas
Pastizal halófilo en la orla perimetral de la laguna de Manjavacas
Salicornia ramosissima en flor en la laguna de Manjavacas
Colonia reproductora de flamenco común en la laguna de Manjavacas en el año 2011
Nidos de flamenco común en la laguna de Manjavacas en el año 2011
Escarabajo avispa (Plagionotus andreui) en su planta nutricia Lavatera triloba en la laguna de Manjavacas

Laguna de Manjavacas

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    236.2 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    39°25'N 02°51'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


This saline enclosed (endorheic) lagoon with associated islands is fed by groundwater, rainwater and surface water, and regularly dries out. Vegetation includes submerged aquatic plants and fringing reedbeds. It is an important area for endemic and threatened animals including many waterbirds such as the white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala) and the marbled duck (Marmaronetta angustirostris). The surrounding area is used for agriculture, including the cultivation of vines, olives and arable crops. There has been a decline in rainfall in the area, and the discharge of treated wastewater into the lagoon to maintain water levels has increased, leading to a decrease in salinity and increased nutrient input. In 2021 the boundaries were delineated more accurately, increasing the total area by 30 hectares.

Administrative region: 
Castilla-La Mancha

  • Global international designation: 
    • UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • National legal designation: 
    • Humedal del Inventario Español de Zonas Húmedas - Humedal IH423025–Laguna de Manjavacas.
    • Refugio de Fauna - Refugio de Fauna Laguna de Manjavacas. Decreto 120/1989, de 3 de octubre, por el que se declara como refugio de caza la laguna de Manjavacas del término municipal de Mota del Cuervo de la Provincia de Cuenca (DOCM nº 4, de 17 de octubre de 1989)
    • Reserva Natural - Reserva Natural del Complejo Lagunar de Manjavacas. Decreto 185/2001, de 02/10/2001, por el que se aprueba el Plan de Ordenación y se declara la Reserva Natural del Complejo Lagunar de Manjavacas (DOCM nº 114, de 26 de octubre de 2001)
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: