Bog pool in Kuresoo, Soomaa NP
Cranberries on Sphagnum carpet, near bog pool. Drosera flower sems in background.
Morning mist on raised bog, with cottongrass and white beak-sedge.
Raised bog margin with hollows and Sphagnum mosses
Recreational use of Soomaa NP. Colors of raised bog. Bogshoeing.
Riisa bog in Soomaa NP. Bog pool.
Dugout canoe is a practical vessel during flood "fifth" season.
The flood "fifth" season in Soomaa NP. You can canoe in the woods.
The flood "fifth" season in Soomaa NP. Typical sight.
The flood "fifth" season in Soomaa NP. Flooded road in Riisa village.
The flood "fifth" season in Soomaa NP. Flooded road in the woods.
The flood "fifth" season in Soomaa NP. Flooded meadow with oaks. Floods ocur also in autumn with heavy rains.


  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    39,639 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    58°26'N 25°06'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Soomaa is an extensive area comprising four large bog complexes separated by rivers, floodplain meadows and alluvial forests, and surrounded by swamp and carrs. The area is the most important wetland in the south-west of Estonia: it supports high biodiversity values, contains one of the two best preserved bogs in Estonia and has a very significant role in regulating the groundwater levels of the region. The wetland also provides nesting and stopover grounds to several nationally threatened species, such as the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), black stork (Ciconia nigra) and northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), and hosts an internationally important number of Bewick’s swan (Cygnus columbianus bewickii). Overgrowth of scrub in floodplain meadows and the impacts of logging and increasing tourism are among the main threats to the wetland. A visitor’s centre maintains ten different educational trails equipped with viewing towers, platforms and boardwalks. As of 2020, a management plan is in place, which includes restoration and amelioration activities.

Administrative region: 
Pärnu,Viljandi Counties

  • National legal designation: 
    • national park - Soomaa
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents