Marais de la Macta
- Site number:1059
- Area:44,500 ha
- Designation date:02-02-2001
- Coordinates:35°38'N 00°06'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
The Site is a triangular depression separated from the Gulf of Arzew near Oran by a dune cordon, a complex of open water, marsh and more or less humid steppe some nine miles inland, supplied by three permanent wadis. The Site is rare in North Africa in the diversity of habitats it contains, most notably sansouires or salt marshes which recall the Camargue in France. A rich biodiversity is found there, including a great variety of halophilic vegetation as well as numerous invertebrates and fish. The Site is also a nesting ground for waterbirds such as the marbled duck (Marmaronetta angustirostris) and ruddy shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea). The dunes are home to several rare plant species that deserve special protection, such as sea rocket (Cakile maritima) and sea grape (Ephedra distachya). The wetland is important for both local residents and nomads, particular during dry seasons, as pasturage for their cattle and their sheep respectively. The classification of the Site as Natural Reserve would allow the human activities to be regulated and help to maintain its rich ecological zones.
Mascara, Oran et Mostaganem
- Last publication date:08-03-2018