Lake Bogoria

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Lake Bogoria

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    10,700 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    00°15'N 36°05'E
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Lake Bogoria. 27/08/01; Rift Valley Province; 10,700 ha; 00°15'N 036°05'E. National Reserve. An alkaline soda lake hydrologically dominated by hot springs, located in Gregory Eastern Rift Valley, the site provides critical refuge for the lesser flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor), with a population of 1 to 1.5 million, and has high biodiversity values for more than 300 waterbird species. The shoreline fringe and associated acacia woodland provide critical habitat for the endangered Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsciseros) and other mammals. The lake's stable water level makes it doubly important during periods of drought which reduce levels in other East African lakes. Regional climate is arid to semi-arid with low rainfall reliability. Tugen and Jemps pastoralists live in the area, and livestock grazing is the main land use in the site, but tourism, attracted to the wildlife, hot springs, spectacular cliffs and escarpments, and the rich indigenous culture, brings 200,000 visitors annually; in addition, the geysers are thought by some to have medicinal value. Incidents of flamingo mortality, perhaps attributable to algal toxins or heavy metal concentrations, are puzzling and a cause of concern. A new management plan is in preparation and a visitors' centre is in place. Ramsar site no. 1097. Most recent RIS information: 2001.

Administrative region: 
Baringo and Koibatek districts

  • National legal designation: 
    • National Reserve - Lake Bogoria National Reserve
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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