Aulnaie de Aïn Khiar
- Site number:1293
- Area:180 ha
- Designation date:04-06-2003
- Coordinates:36°47'N 08°18'E
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A wetland type characteristic of the El Kala National Park but extremely rare elsewhere in Algeria. L'Aulnaie (alder grove) de Aïn Khiar shelters several tree species, represented by ash Fraxinus spp., alder Alnus glutinosa and poplar Populus spp., whose principal characteristic is its high water demand. Located between the littoral sand bar and the agricultural plain of El Tarf, the Site receives water during winter from the floodplains of the Oued El Kebir, which flows through the region and transforms it into a marshy zone. The forest environment supports the country’s largest population of raptors and large bird species as well as herons and bitterns. Bird surveys have revealed about 41 species. Loss of trees and shrubs to illegal woodcutting and natural causes, as well as pressures from agricultural expansion including illegal water extraction, are seen as the chief potential threats.
- Global international designation:
- UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
- National legal designation:
- Parc national - Parc National d'El Kala
- Last publication date:09-05-2019