Gueltas et Oasis de l'Aïr


Gueltas et Oasis de l'Aïr

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    4,924,100 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    19°10'N 09°04'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site is a complex of permanent and temporary streams, oases and marshes at the centre of Niger’s part of the Sahara Desert, which hosts a number of endangered species such as the vulnerable cheetah, Barbary sheep and Dorcas gazelle, as well as the critically endangered addax (Addax nasomaculatus). 290 species of flowering plants and 150 bird species have been counted at the Site, including permanent residents and Palearctic migrants. They include grey heron (Ardea cinerea), dark chanting goshawk (Melierax metabates), Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), spotted eagle-owl (Bubo africanus) and white stork (Ciconia ciconia). The wetlands play an important role in flood control, while the vegetation acts as a sediment trap. The Site is archaeologically and culturally valuable due to the remains of old cities such as the abandoned Tuareg town of Assodé, Neolithic engravings showing animals such as giraffes, elephants which have become locally extinct, and objects such as arrows, pottery and shells which are a reminder of the camel caravans that used to pass through. Desertification, combined with anthropogenic pressures, is changing the area’s ecology and consequently its ability to support both animal and human populations.

Administrative region: 

  • Global international designation: 
    • World Heritage site
  • National legal designation: 
    • National Reserve - Réserve Naturelle Nationale de l’Aïr et du Ténéré (RNNAT)
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)