Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Sookuninga covers the central part of the North Livonian transboundary wetland complex, which also comprises the Nigula and Ziemelu Purvi wetlands in Latvia. It is situated near the western end of the border with Latvia, and comprises six large raised bogs, hummock and hollow complexes, and numerous pools. The bogs found in the Site are among the oldest and largest in the region and play an important role in regulating groundwater discharge and maintaining the water levels of the area. Several important rivers have their sources here, including the Reiu, Rannametsa and Ura. Several rare and endangered bird species use the wetland for breeding and as a stopover in their migration, such as black stork (Ciconia nigra), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), lesser-spotted eagle (Clanga pomarina), great-spotted eagle (Clanga clanga) and willow grouse (Lagopus lagopus). Due to its remote location, the area is sparsely inhabited, and the main uses are tied to forestry, berry and mushroom picking, and small-scale hunting, all at comparatively low intensities.

Administrative region: 
Pärnu County

  • National legal designation: 
    • Nature Reserve
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents