Complejo Jaltepeque

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Complejo Jaltepeque

  • Country: 
    El Salvador
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    49,454 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    13°22'N 89°03'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Complejo Jaltepeque. 02/02/2011; La Paz y San Vicente; 49,454 ha; 13°22'N 89°03'W. The Jaltepeque Complex is the second biggest brackish water area and intertidal forested wetland in El Salvador. The site includes a permanent shallow water marine ecosystem and other coastal wetlands such as estuaries, sandy beaches, salt flats, and coastal brackish and freshwater lagoons as well as permanent and stationary rivers and streams. Its diverse habitats provide nesting refuge for turtles like Chelonia mydas and Dermochelys coriacea, listed as endangered and critically endangered on the IUCN Red List, and other vulnerable species such as the turtle Lepidochelys olivacea and crocodiles (Crocodylus acutus). The mangrove area in the site is a main resting area for aquatic migratory birds, where 64 species such as Larus spp, Thalasseus spp, and Charadrius spp have been reported. This Ramsar Site sustains fundamental local economic activities such as fishing, subsistence and industrial aquaculture, livestock, agriculture and tourism. It also provides a barrier against natural phenomena and enables aquifer recharge. The main threats to the Ramsar Site include the loss of forest due to the expansion of agricultural and livestock land, inappropriate fishing techniques, illegal hunting and water pollution generated by sewage coming for nearby communities and pesticide use. The Jaltepeque Complex also includes the Astillero Natural Protected Area (NPA) and is currently on the process of designating the Escuintla, Isla La Calzada y Tasajera as NPAs. The management plan for the Ramsar Site is under review, nevertheless conservation activities are currently done by local stakeholders. Ramsar Site no. 1935. Most recent RIS information: 2011.

Administrative region: 
La Paz y San Vicente

  • National legal designation: 
    • Area Natural Protegida
  • Last publication date: 


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