Île d’Europa

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Île d’Europa

  • Country: 
    France (outre-mer)
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    205,800 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    22°21'S 40°21'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Ile d'Europa (Terres Australes et Antarctiques francaises). 27/10/11; Terres Australes et Antarctiques françaises; 205,800 ha; 22°21'00"S 040°21'00"E. Nature Reserve, Important Bird Area (IBA). A low-lying island of coral origin in the Mozambique Channel with a central lagoon enclosed by mangroves. The island itself is surrounded by a "fringing reef", interrupted by sandy beaches, which constitute one of the world's most important breeding and nesting sites for the globally endangered Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas. The site also offers habitat to the globally endangered Madagascar Pond Heron Ardeola idea, Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus and Hammerhead Shark Sphyrna lewini. It supports a high number of nesting sea birds including two subspecies endemic to the Indian Ocean: Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lhermiieri bailloni and Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata nubilosa. Reefs, mangroves and sea grass beds are critical in protecting and stabilizing the island's coastline and supporting nesting bird and fish species. Largely undisturbed by human activities, the island is of great scientific significance, constituting an open-air laboratory for the study of the natural evolution of island ecosystems and global change. Threatening factors include introduced species such as goats and rats as well as several plant species. Ramsar Site number: 2073. Most recent RIS information: 2012.

Administrative region: 
Terres Australes et Antarctiques Fracaises

  • National legal designation: 
    • Réserve naturelle - Île d’Europa
  • Last publication date: 


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