Sir Bu Nair Island Protected Area

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Sir Bu Nair Island Protected Area

  • Country: 
    United Arab Emirates
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    4,964 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    25°13'N 54°13'E
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Sir Bu Nair Island Protected Area; 02/12/2013; Sharjah; 4,964ha; 25°13’55”N and 54°13’09”E; National Protected Area. Located some 110 km from Sharjah, this offshore island has a terrestrial area of 1,333ha. Geologically, the site is a salt dome formed from regional tectonic activities, and is rich in minerals. Despite its small size, the site supports a high biodiversity for the biogeographic region. A total of 40 coral species and 76 reef fish species have been recorded, including seven coral species that are Red Listed as Vulnerable. The site is an important nesting site for the Critically Endangered Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), and supports more than 1% of the regional breeding population of the Sooty gull (Larus hemprichii). The island is of historical importance as pottery has been found dating back to about 3,500 years ago. It also used to be a meeting point for fishermen and a base for pearl divers. The island was declared as a National Protected Area in 2000 and visits are permitted only for environmental surveys and studies. There is a plan to develop a limited area of the site for commercial tourism.

Administrative region: 
United Arab Emirates

  • National legal designation: 
    • National Protected Area
  • Last publication date: 


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