Complejo Barra de Santiago

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Complejo Barra de Santiago

  • Country: 
    El Salvador
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    11,519 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    13°42'N 90°00'W
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Complejo Barra de Santiago. 16/01/14; Ahuachapán, Sonsonate; 11,519 ha; 13°42’24”N 90°0’59”W. The Site contains an area representative of the mangroves of the dry Northern Pacific ecoregion of Central America and a palm tree (Brahea salvadorensis) swamp representative of an ecosystem specific to the Mesoamerican dry tropical forest ecoregion. It supports numerous threatened or endangered species. Among these are four species of marine turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata, Lepidochelys olivacea, Dermochelys coriacea and Chelonia mydas) and other species severely threatened by their commercial trade value, such as the yellow-naped parrot (Amazona auropalliata). The mangroves also support about 75% of the commercially important coastal fauna in El Salvador. Many of these species, such as the shrimp of the Penaeidae family, depend on the mangroves as feeding, spawning and nursery areas. The Site is important for local communities as they depend on artisanal fishing for their livelihoods. It is threatened by unregulated urbanization, overgrazing, the growth of sugar cane and the increasing demand of wood for construction, as these have caused deforestation, changes in the hydrology of the area and pollution. Ramsar Site No. 2207. Most recent RIS information: 2013.

Administrative region: 
Ahuachapán and Sonsonate

  • National legal designation: 
    • Area Natural Protegida - Cara Sucia
    • Área Natural Protegida - Santa Rita
    • Área Natural protegida - El Chino
    • Área Protegida - Manglar Bola de Monte
    • Área protegida - Manglar Barra de Santiago
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)