Rio Negro

Camila Ferrara
Carlos Durigan
Carlos Durigan
WCS Brasil

Rio Negro

  • Country: 
    Brazil
  • Site number: 
    2335
  • Area: 
    12,001,614.4 ha
  • Designation date: 
    19-03-2018
  • Coordinates: 
    01°43'S 64°05'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Overview

The Rio Negro is the biggest tributary river on the north side of the Amazon basin. At over 1,500 kilometres long, it is the longest blackwater river in the world, and it supports one of the largest preserved tropical rainforests. The Ramsar Site covers over 12 million hectares; it includes a variety of wetlands that are particular to the region, such as Igapó (blackwater-flooded) forests, edaphic savannas and fluvial archipelagos, and comprises more than 20 conservation units. The designation of the Site greatly increases the connectivity of Brazil’s protected areas. Its rich biodiversity includes globally-threatened bird species such as the ash-breasted antbird Myrmoborus lugubris, and plants such as the Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa. Three endangered mammals are present: the giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis), the Brazilian bare-faced tamarin (Saguinus bicolor) and the white-bellied spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth). The Site also contributes to the Amazon rainforest’s climate regulation on which the stability of the planet depends. The local communities are enormously ethnically and culturally diverse; the protected areas included in the Site aim to support their low-impact sustainable forms of resource utilization and agriculture. The Site directly or indirectly supplies water to at least six Brazilian municipalities, and the main river channel serves as a waterway connecting communities. Among the main threats to the Site are land conversion and clearance of vegetation, as well as hunting and fishing.

Administrative region: 
Federative Republic of Brazil, Amazonas State.

  • Global international designation: 
    • UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
    • World Heritage site
  • National legal designation: 
    • conservation unit - Área de Proteção Ambiental Jufari
    • conservation unit - Área de Proteção Ambiental Margem Direita do Rio Negro-Setor Paduari-Solimões
    • conservation unit - Área de Proteção Ambiental Margem Esequerda do Rio Negro-Setor Tarumã Açu-Tarumã Mirima
    • conservation unit - Área de Proteção Ambiental Margem Esquerda do Rio Negro-Setor Aturiá-Apuauzinho
    • conservation unit - Área de Proteção Ambiental Mariua
    • conservation unit - Área de Proteção Ambiental Municipal Tapuruquara
    • conservation unit - Área de Proteção Ambiental Taruma/Ponta Negra
    • conservation unit - Área de Relevante Interesse Ecológico Projeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais
    • conservation unit - Parque Estadual Rio Negro Setor Norte
    • conservation unit - Parque Estadual Rio Negro Setor Sul
    • conservation unit - Parque Nacional do Jaú
    • conservation unit - Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Amanã
    • conservation unit - Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável do Rio negro
    • conservation unit - Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável do Tupé
    • conservation unit - Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Puranga Conquista
    • conservation unit - Reserva Extrativista do Rio Unini
    • conservation unit - Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Ilhas Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira
    • Indigenou land - Alto Rio Negro Indigenou land
    • indigenous land - Cuiu-Cuiu indigenous land
    • indigenous land - Jurubaxi-Téa indigenous land
    • indigenous land - Maraã Urubaxi indigenous land
    • indigenous land - Médio Rio Negro I indigenous land
    • indigenous land - Parana do Boa Boa indigenous land
    • indigenous land - Rio Téa indigenous land
    • indigenous land - Uneiuxi indigenous land
  • Last publication date: 
    13-06-2018

Downloads

Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents