Inner Mongolia Grand Khingan Hanma Wetlands

Wetland landscape
Wetland landscape
Wetland landscape
Wetland landscape
Alces alces
Tetrao parvirostris
Martes zibellina
 Ursus arctos
Lynx lynx

Inner Mongolia Grand Khingan Hanma Wetlands

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    107,348 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    51°35'N 122°38'E
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Located on the northern part of the western slope of the Grand Khingan mountains, the Site is one of the most well-preserved temperate coniferous forest areas in China, featuring tundra mountain bright coniferous forest. Lying along the Taliya river and its tributaries, the Site is dominated by marshes, rivers and lakes; the large Larix gmelinii and Sphagnum bogs are typical of the biogeographic region, and serve as important carbon sinks. The Site plays an important role in regional biodiversity conservation by supporting a variety of rare and threatened species. It is home to 620 species of plants (ferns, bryophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms), 26 fish, ten amphibians and reptiles, 203 birds and 51 mammals. It is also an important habitat and breeding ground for a number of bird species in north-east China and along the East Asian – Australasian Flyway. Hanma Wetlands (Hanma Reserve) was among the 51 China Demonstration Reserves in 2006 and became a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve in 2015.

Administrative region: 
In Genhe City, Hulunbuir City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

  • Global international designation: 
    • UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • National legal designation: 
    • National Nature Reserve - Inner Mongolia Grand Khingan Hanma Narional Nature Reserve
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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