Lago de Texcoco

Ave Eudocimus albus presente en la ciénega de San Juan al norte del sitio Ramsar
Ave Calidris minutilla en laguna intermitente Casa Colorada
Ave Calidris minutilla en laguna intermitente Casa Colorada
Ave Calidris himantopus en laguna intermitente Casa Colorada
Ave Limodromus griseus y Calidris minutilla
Aves en el Lago Artificial Nabor Carrillo
 y Anas acuta en el Lago Artificial Nabor Carrillo
Ciénega Intermitente
Aves Anas diazi en Ciénega Intermitente
Ave Cynathus auriceps en Ciénega Intermitente Texcoco Norte
Ave Himantopus mexicanus y Calidris minutilla en Ciénega Casa Colorada

Lago de Texcoco

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    10,077.4 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    19°30'N 98°59'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


This intermittently flooded lake complex on the edge of Mexico City hosts a variety of ecosystems such as terrestrial and aquatic halophytic vegetation, swamps, and tule vegetation. It also supports more than 250 plant species, more than 370 animal species and over ten species of fungi and mosses. These include globally threatened species such as the Xochimilco axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) and the rough-necked alligator lizard (Barisia rudicollis), both classified as critically endangered, the endangered mexclapique (Girardinichthys viviparus) and the vulnerable Sprague’s pipit (Anthus spragueii). It is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA), hosting an annual average of 150,000 migratory birds such as the northern shoveler (Anas clypeata), ruddy duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) and Wilson’s phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor). The Site is the main body of water in the Valley of Mexico basin, and it supports a series of economic activities to the benefit of local communities. It helps to prevent flooding in neighbouring residential areas, provides raw materials for different uses including construction and medicine, regulates climate, sequesters carbon, and helps to ensure water quality. The Site has also been decreed as a protected natural area called "Área de Protección de Recursos Naturales Lago de Texcoco".

Administrative region: 
Estado de México

  • National legal designation: 
    • Área Natural Protegida - Área de Protección de Recursos Naturales Lago de Texcoco
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)