Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Panoramic view of the Vedanthangal
Nesting grounds in Vedanthangal
Foraging ground in Vedanthangal
Panoramic view of the Vedanthangal

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    40.3 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    12°32'N 79°51'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


A small irrigation tank in Vedanthangal village surrounded by rocky plains and low-ridged, denuded hillocks, this Site is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) due to the presence of several species including the black-headed ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) and painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala). Vedanthangal is well known for nature tourism, which generates considerable revenue for the local communities. The Sanctuary also provides educational and research opportunities. The wetland also plays a vital role in nutrient cycling and groundwater recharge, which supports irrigation activities in the immediate vicinity. Although the Site has been a Bird Sanctuary since 1998 and a management plan is being implemented, housing and uncontrolled aquatic resource harvesting are some of the significant threats.

Administrative region: 
Maduranthagam Taluk of Chengalpattu District

  • National legal designation: 
    • Final notification of Sanctuary under section 26A of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 was issued vide G.O.Ms.No.199, Environment & Forest Department (FRV) dated 08.07.1998. - Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
    • Vedanthangal Lake were framed as per Section 26(c), (e)&(f) of Madras Forest Act vide G.O.Ms.No.1961, Food &Agriculture Dept. dtd. 03.03.1962. Subsequently, the lake& surrounding 5km zone was declared as Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary as per Section 18, 1996 - Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents