Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex

Landscape of Suchindram Tank
Heronry in Suchindram Theroor
Indian Cormorant
Spot-billed Duck
Panoramic view of the wetland complex

Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    94.2 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    08°09'N 77°27'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site is part of the Suchindram-Theroor Manakudi Conservation Reserve and lies at the southern tip of the Central Asian Flyway. The Wetland Complex lies at the point of the Kodaiyar river drainage system where water stored in the Perunchanidam, Pechipparai and Kodaiyar reservoirs is released into a channel which drains thousands of ponds. The wetland comprises two man-made reservoirs, Theroor and Suchindram, that provide irrigation and habitat for wetland birds. It is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA); around 250 species of birds have been recorded, of which 53 are migratory, 12 endemic, and four threatened. The presence of at least 183 plant and animal species enables the reservoirs to provide crucial staging and foraging grounds for the birds. The extensive irrigation system was built and monitored from the ninth century, and supports the livelihoods of about 75% of the population of the wetland’s communities.

Administrative region: 
Commonly known as Suchindrum Eri & Theroor kulam; located at Kanniyakumari Dist. of Tamil Nadu State; is a Protected Area; declared as Conservation Reserve as per Sec 36 A of Wild Life Protection Act 1972; Env.& Forest Dept.,G.O.(Ms)No.41, Dated:19.3.2015

  • National legal designation: 
    • Conservation Reserve - Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents