Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary

Black headed Ibis nest
Panoramic View of Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
Herons foraging
Panoramic view of the sanctuary
Nesting Site

Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    112.6 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    10°42'N 79°18'E
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Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary is composed of small man-made reservoirs interconnected by an ancient network of canals and fed by the Mettur reservoir, in the semi-arid district of Thiruvarur. The rooted floating aquatic plants distributed through the reservoir provide habitat for around 118 bird species, including spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), black-headed ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus), Eurasian wigeon (Mareca Penelope), and northern pintail (Anas acuta). Similarly, the aquatic submerged and terrestrial vegetation in and around the wetland provide foraging and breeding habitat for the birds. The interconnected wetland system acts as a buffer against flooding and also provides water during periods of drought. The Sanctuary is threatened by increasing anthropogenic pressures related to urbanization, water abstraction, unsustainable fishing, invasive species and climate change, and so has been identified as an area of national importance by the national government. The Tiruvarur Forest Division implemented a management plan from 2016 to 2021 to counter these threats.

Administrative region: 
Is located on Thanjavur-Mannargudi highway, Thiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu; 22km from Thanjavur on Thanjavur–Mannargudi highway(SH-63), 45km from Thiruvarur, 58km from Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary& 50km from Point Calimere Sanctuary Block A

  • National legal designation: 
    • Comes under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 - Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
    • For conserving the site, powers conferred by Section(3) of Environment (Protection) Act 1986(29) of 1986, Govt. of India vide its notification dtd.13-Sep-2019, total area of 128.10 ha stretch of the Sanctuary-declared as an Eco-Sensitive Zone - Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
    • Vaduvur wetland complex was declared as a bird Sanctuary in 1999 (Protected Area) notified under Wild Life Protection Act 1972 (Central Act 53 of 1972) - Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
  • Last publication date: 


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