Durankulak Lake

Durankulak Lake
Durankulak, east side and Black Sea

Durankulak Lake

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    1,370.8 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    43°40'N 28°32'E
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Durankulak, close to the northern border with Romania, is a brackish lake separated from the Black Sea by a narrow sand bar. It is located on the “Via Pontica”, the second largest bird migratory route in Europe, so a large number of birds use the site as a stopover or wintering refuge. It is especially important for the internationally threatened red-breasted goose (Branta ruficollis) and the greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons), which over-winter in great numbers. The Lake hosts a total of 254 bird species, 92 of which are nesting; 72 are nationally threatened. Almost 22,000 individuals have been counted. Durankulak Lake also contains several plants endemic to the Balkans, and a diverse algal flora, consisting of over 70 different species. Several conservation measures are in place, including a 500-metre buffer zone in which hunting and pesticides are banned and fishing regulated. Despite that, the overgrowing of reeds and the increasing population of golden jackal are threats.

Administrative region: 
Shabla Municipality, Dobrich District of Bulgaria

  • National legal designation: 
    • Protected Site - Durankulashko Ezero
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: