Lagunas de La Mata y Torrevieja

Lagunas de La Mata y Torrevieja. Flamencos en la laguna de La Mata
Lagunas de La Mata y Torrevieja. Panorámica de la laguna de La Mata
Lagunas de La Mata y Torrevieja. Colonia de Audouinii en la laguna de Torrevieja
Lagunas de La Mata y Torrevieja. Canal para el trasvase de salmueras “Casa de Máquinas”

Lagunas de La Mata y Torrevieja

  • Country: 
    Spain
  • Site number: 
    456
  • Area: 
    3,717.3 ha
  • Designation date: 
    05-12-1989
  • Coordinates: 
    38°00'N 00°42'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Overview

The wetland comprises two closely located lagoons along the Mediterranean coast. Separated by a strip of land, they have significantly different levels of salinity; the Torrevieja lagoon has been used as a salt pan since the 13th century, unlike the Mata lagoon which regularly receives fresh water from nearby mountains. This characteristic allows for very diverse fauna and flora, with up to 400 different taxa that include several endemic and threatened species. Bird species are especially important for the Site, with ten threatened species found and with internationally important numbers of breeding Audouin’s gull (Ichthyaetus audouinii), which is nationally threatened. The presence of Aphanius Iberus (Spanish toothcarp, locally known as fartet), an endemic species with an internationally endangered status, is also notable. Threats to the wetland include the impacts of tourism and recreation and extreme meteorological events linked to climate change. A visitor centre provides educational programmes to highlight the Site’s ecological values.

Administrative region: 
Comunitat Valenciana

  • National legal designation: 
    • Parque Natural
    • Microrreserva de flora
    • Microrreserva de flora
    • Microrreserva de flora
    • Humedal del Catálogo de Zonas Húmedas de la Comunitat Valenciana
    • Humedal del Inventario Español de Zonas Húmedas
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 
    14-07-2020