Lake Manych-Gudilo

Ramsar logo

Lake Manych-Gudilo

  • Country: 
    Russian Federation
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    112,600 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    44°36'N 42°50'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Lake Manych-Gudilo. 13/09/94; Kalmykia-Khalmg Tangch Republic & Rostov Oblast; 112,600 ha; 44°36'N 042°50'E. Nature Reserve, Federal Nature Reserve, State Nature Reserve. A chain of saline lakes with numerous islands located in a deep depression. Vegetation consists of grass and herb associations, extensive beds of submerged vegetation, reedbeds, semi-desert and steppe communities. The site is an important staging area for migrating populations of waterbirds, in particular geese (Anser albifrons, Branta ruficollis, Anser erythropus, and Anser anser). It is also an important breeding area for various colonial shore birds. The wetland supports populations of rare and threatened species of flora and fauna. Approximately 1.5 million ducks and 400,000 geese, including 8,000 B. ruficollis, pass through the area in spring, and approximately three million ducks and 500,000 geese, including 8,000-20,000 B. ruficollis, pass through in autumn. Presently, almost the entire world population of Branta ruficollis and a substantial proportion of Oxyura leucocephala migrate through the valley. Human activities include agriculture, livestock grazing, and small-scale fisheries. Ramsar site no. 673. Most recent RIS information: 1997.

Administrative region: 
Republic of Kalmykia

  • National legal designation: 
    • Nature Reserve - Rostovsky
    • zakaznik/nature sanctuary
    • zapovednik/state nature res.
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)