River Emajõgi


  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    34,610 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    58°23'N 27°17'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


This Site is composed of the vast Emajõe Suursoo mire complex, parts of Lake Peipsi and its largest island, Piirissaar. It features fens, swamps, mixed forests, peat bogs, reedbeds and agricultural areas. Two moss species listed in Annex II of the EU’s Habitats Directive are present, Dicranum viride and Hamatocaulis vernicosus. The Site is an important spawning area for fish such as the endangered wels catfish (Silurus glanis) and the endemic peipus whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus maraenoides). The Site is frequented by large numbers of waterbirds for moulting and staging, and is also the most important breeding area in Estonia for the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), the jack snipe (Lymnocryptes minimus) and the black grouse (Tetrao tetrix). The Site is extremely important for the hydrology of Lake Peipsi, and frequent monitoring programmes are carried out. Human activities include fishing, farming, hunting, berry picking, and boating.

Administrative region: 
Tartu County

  • National legal designation: 
    • nature conservation area - Peipsiveere nature conservation area
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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