Sistema de Humedales de la Zona Sur de Honduras
- Site number:1000
- Area:75,031.1 ha
- Designation date:10-07-1999
- Coordinates:13°12'N 87°23'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
In 2021 Honduras extended the area of the Site from 69,711 to 75,031.13 hectares. It now includes a greater area of mangroves, winter lagoons, marshes and sandy beaches. The Site, mostly mangrove forest, is one of the country’s most important ecosystems, serving as a refuge for at least 81 species of water birds such as the Wilson’s plover (Charadrius wilsonia) and the black skimmer (Rynchops niger). It also provides habitat for threatened species such as the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and the Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii), which are both classified as critically endangered. The Site’s ecosystems also provide shelter for vulnerable species such as the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus), the olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), and Avicennia bicolor, a species of mangrove typical of the region. The Site is a wetland system consisting of seven areas, which are all protected by national law. However, it has been impacted by urban development. The structure and composition of its vegetation cover has been altered by the illegal extraction of the mangrove forest, extensive farming, and the advance of the agricultural frontier for the production of sugar cane, melon, pine nut and watermelon.
Golfo de Fonseca, entre los departamentos de Valle y Choluteca
- National legal designation:
- Área Natural Protegida - El Sitio Ramsar está conformado por 7 áreas con una categorías de Áreas de Manejo Hábitat/ Especie AMH/E
- Last publication date:16-11-2021
Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)
Additional reports and documents
- Site management plan
- Other published literature